عنوان مقاله [English]
In spite of some changes and developments in the history of Iran, different groups of peoples have lived in this geographical context, and have called themselves Iranian. Using the term ‘Aryan’ to the people by Darius the Great, distinguished the imperial clans from other tribes, however, the success of the Achaemenid government in creating a single political unit at all economic, political and cultural levels, could not create an inclusive identity. In fact, what foremost led to solidarity among people all over the empire, was the goal of repelling common enemies, and in every time that they were defeated and their land was occupied by aliens, their tend to repel them, intensified the solidarity and developed a common identity. The territorial conquests of the empire, on the other hand, increased the sense of pride of being Iranian, which in turn strengthened Iranian identity. Through the gradual disappearance of cultural conflicts among Iranian ethnic groups during many years, common components of identity developed, and from a few centuries ago, provided the grounds to emergence a national identity, which was primarily based on religion. In addition to this identity component, the prominent role of Myths and shared history should not be neglected.