عنوان مقاله [English]
Ethical values are of the most effective factors on the formation of Iranian traditional buildings, landscape and urban design. Literature review of architecture shows that architecture has a lot to do with ethic and there are lots of parameters which connect ethic and architecture. A review on the theories and practices in the traditional architecture in different eras of Iran shows that ethical values have always affected the traditional buildings and their formation process in different ways. So, the main questions of the paper are: 1. what is the place of ethical values in the traditional architecture of Iran, particularly the old city of Yazd? 2. How ethical values have affected Iranian traditional buildings and how can be recognized, specifically in the old city of Yazd?
Literature review shows that the case study of this research - the old city of Yazd - is selected purposefully; considering its importance according to be located in the list of the world cultural heritage and also the specific characters of the traditional architecture of this city. Therefore, the old city of Yazd could be mentioned as one of the most appropriate selected cases to study the effects of ethical values on the traditional architecture and the formation process of its buildings. In this study we adopt the interpretive–historical research method as our inference mechanism and the data collection techniques of the research is a combination of librarian and survey method.
The results of the research show that the effects of ethical values on the traditional built environment have been manifested in two ways: first, the process of traditional building formation and second, during the time of exploitation through considering the ethical principles of monotheism, humanity and preserving nature.