عنوان مقاله [English]
The bureaucratic system of Iran, dating back at least two and a half thousand years, inherits elements and characteristics that have undergone many metamorphoses and changes throughout their history, and many of these elements of the New Jubilee have been significantly influenced by factors and factors. The political, social, cultural and economic developments and processes have been of their time (in every historical period). This article aims to identify the features and changes of the Iranian bureaucratic system from the beginning to the end of antiquity (first phase of research), by using a qualitative structuralism method, to examine and explain the factors borrowing and deterring the bureaucratic institution in political, social, economic and cultural dimensions. The first organized administrative structure that can be used to explain the concept of bureaucracy has its roots in the Achaemenid dynasty, and especially in the reign of Darius I. Then during the Seleucid and Parthian period, the same method continued in the affairs of the state. Bureaucracy in the Sassanid era attains wider size and dimensions, becoming a dominant system of control and administration of the Imperial Territory, and finds coherent and normative formulation. The Patrimonial system, at the beginning of the Medieval period, had the particular role in the early formation of the bureaucratic institution in Iran; Find out. In the Achaemenid and Sassanid periods, the structural expansion and institutional power of Iranian bureaucracy increased to such an extent that it became a global model of the day.