عنوان مقاله [English]
In order to be able to build a prosperous, free and happy Iran, we need to have a completely correct and realistic understanding of our past. For this purpose, in addition to using the sources provided by historians and sociologists, it is necessary to use other sources, such as literary and artistic texts. Such texts seem to be one of the best and most reliable sources for understanding the Iranian society; Because these resources are often not customized. Moreover, literary and artistic masterpieces typically arise in a state of unconsciousness, in which the poet or writer frees himself from the domination of masks and hypocrisy and becomes the unconscious spokesman of himself and his people; For this reason, artistic and literary texts seem to have valuable sociological implications and can modify or supplement the findings of historians and sociologists. Undoubtedly, Hafez's Divan is one of the texts that are in the peak of our country's literary heritage. Apart from its direct references to our cultural and social elements, Hafez's Divan is also structurally a mirror of Iran. In this article, by examining three important issues, namely 1) the structure of Hafez's poetry, 2) Hafez's language, and 3) cultural schism, it becomes clear that Hafez's divan is a clear mirror in which the image of Iran and Iranians can be clearly seen and believed. Hafez's study actually means the study of Iran.